East of Constantinople, West of Shanghai

The Hunt for the Vampire Queen


682fd2dfd3cb369b78bcc4298d75925c--robert-e-howard-robert-richardA GREAT BLACK SHADOW lay across the land, cleaving the red flame of the red sunset. To the man who toiled up the jungle trail it loomed like a symbol of death and horror, a menace brooding and terrible, like the shadow of a stealthy assassin flung upon some candle-lit wall.

This is the opening of Robert E. Howard’s The Moon of Skulls, a Solomon Kane story published in the June-July 1930 issue of Weird Tales.
You can find an e-text of the story here thanks to the good people of the Project Gutenberg of Australia. Like most Solomon Kane stories, it’s a nice piece of storytelling, and a testament to Howard’s prowess with a words.

I re-read The Moon of Skulls because in the comments, the other day, Keith Taylor wondered whether Cullum’s Vampire Queen of N’Gobi could be in any way related to Howard’s Vampire Queen of Negari.
After all, Cullum’s book came out five years after Howard’s story.
Could in some way Cullum have read Howard’s The Moon of Skulls, and lifted a few ideas?


“You bear no gifts,” said he; “but follow me and I will lead you to the Terrible One, the Mistress of Doom, The Red Woman, Nakari, who rules the land of Negari.”

I must say I sort of hoped that the Mistress of Doom that rules the land of Negari was called something akin to Cullum’s Ramaanita… that would have been a perfect smoking gun.
But no, the Terrible One of Negari is called Nakari.

Now I’m pretty sure some stories of Howard made it across the pond in his time – The Hour of the Dragon was pitched at a British publisher that would rather publish a novel than a collection of stories.
The British knew at least some of Howard’s work during his lifetime.

But everything’s hypothetical.
As far as I’ve been able to find, the first time The Moon of Skulls was printed in the UK was during the 1960s.

But maybe I’ve been barking up the wrong tree.
What if both Howard and Cullum were inspired by someone else’s work they both were familiar with?
The hunt continues.

“My name is Solomon Kane.” the white man answered in the same language. “I seek the vampire queen of Negari.”

Author: Davide Mana

Paleontologist. By day, researcher, teacher and ecological statistics guru. By night, pulp fantasy author-publisher, translator and blogger. In the spare time, Orientalist Anonymous, guerilla cook.

2 thoughts on “The Hunt for the Vampire Queen

  1. Thanks, Davide! I speculated in more detail in a couple of two-part posts for that fine weblog, “REH — Two Gun Raconteur”. They were called “Captive of the Vampire Queen” and “The City of the Mad”, but “REH – TGR” isn’t an active website any more, so anyone who’s interested may not be able to find them.
    Of course, Cullum must have had other influences. “Dracula” and “She” for two. I don’t know if he ever read “The Moon of Skulls” or not. But if he never saw an issue of WEIRD TALES in its heyday, when Howard, Smith and Lovecraft were its leading lights, he missed something, that is for sure.


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